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Case Report: A Case of Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole-Triggered Hypotensive Shock: Cytokine Release Syndrome Related to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors and Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome

Currently, only a few reports exist on the cytokine release syndrome (CRS) as one of the severe immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Notably, it is ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.681997

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Consolidative Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation After CD19 CAR-T Cell Therapy for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

BackgroundThis study aimed to systematically evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of consolidative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) therapy with non-HSCT in ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.651944

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A novel immune-related gene-based prognostic signature to predict biochemical recurrence in patients with prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy

Accumulating evidences indicates that the immune landscape signature dramatically correlates with tumorigenesis and prognosis of prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we identified a novel immune-related gene-based prognostic signature (IRGPS) to predict ..... see more

Source : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00262-021-02923-6

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Case Report: Outcome of Osimertinib Treatment in Lung Adenocarcinoma Patients With Acquired KRAS Mutations

BackgroundOsimertinib belongs to the third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has shown positive effects in treating lung adenocarcinoma cancer. However, the subsequent resistance to Osimertinib has become ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.630256

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Blood tumor mutation burden can predict the clinical response to immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients

Background Tissue tumor mutation burden (tTMB) assessed by whole-exome sequencing (WES), which has been regarded as the gold standard method of tTMB measurement, can predict the clinical benefits of immune ..... see more

Source : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00262-021-02943-2

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Extracellular Vesicle Mediated Tumor-Stromal Crosstalk Within an Engineered Lung Cancer Model

Tumor-stromal interactions within the tumor microenvironment (TME) influence lung cancer progression and response to therapeutic interventions, yet traditional in vitro studies fail to replicate the complexity of these interactions. Herein, ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.654922

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Exploring the Modulatory Effects of Gut Microbiota in Anti-Cancer Therapy

In the recent decade, gut microbiota has received growing interest due to its role in human health and disease. On the one hand, by utilizing the signaling pathways of the ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.644454

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Combined vaccine-immune-checkpoint inhibition constitutes a promising strategy for treatment of dMMR tumors

Background Mlh1-knock-out-driven mismatch-repair-deficient (dMMR) tumors can be targeted immunologically. By applying therapeutic tumor vaccination, tumor growth is delayed but escape mechanisms evolve, including upregulation of immune-checkpoint molecules (LAG-3, PD-L1). To ..... see more

Source : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00262-021-02933-4

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Terminating Cancer by Blocking VISTA as a Novel Immunotherapy: Hasta la vista, baby

VISTA is an up-and-coming immune checkpoint molecule that can become the target of new cancer immunotherapy treatments. Immune cells in the tumor microenvironment can largely influence the progression of cancer ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.658488

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The Central THαβ Immunity Associated Cytokine: IL-10 Has a Strong Anti-Tumor Ability Toward Established Cancer Models In Vivo and Toward Cancer Cells In Vitro

Immunotherapy is a promising new approach for cancer treatment. In this study, I propose to use the THαβ-mediated immune response for cancer treatment. The THαβ-mediated immune response is activated by ..... see more

Source : https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fonc.2021.655554/full

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Tumour draining lymph node-generated CD8 T cells play a role in controlling lung metastases after a primary tumour is removed but not when adjuvant immunotherapy is used

Surgical resection of cancer remains the frontline therapy for millions of patients annually, but post-operative recurrence is common, with a relapse rate of around 45% for non-small cell lung cancer. ..... see more

Source : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00262-021-02934-3

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The Central THαβ Immunity Associated Cytokine: IL-10 Has a Strong Anti-Tumor Ability Toward Established Cancer Models In Vivo and Toward Cancer Cells In Vitro

Immunotherapy is a promising new approach for cancer treatment. In this study, I propose to use the THαβ-mediated immune response for cancer treatment. The THαβ-mediated immune response is activated by ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.655554

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Efficiency of human monocyte-derived suppressor cell-based treatment in graft-versus-host disease prevention while preserving graft-versus-leukemia effect

ABSTRACT Immunosuppressive cell-based therapy is a recent strategy for controlling Graft- versus-Host Disease (GvHD). Such cells ought to maintain their suppressive function in inflammatory conditions and in the presence of ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.1080/2162402X.2021.1880046

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  • 3 weeks 4 days
    Even though the therapeutic armamentarium for gvhd has expanded in recent years, it remains a huge unmet area of need and this cell based therapy could become an exciting future Show More
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Immune Cell Profiling of Peripheral Blood as Signature for Response During Checkpoint Inhibition Across Cancer Types

Despite encouraging results with immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI), a large fraction of cancer patients still does not achieve clinical benefit. Finding predictive markers in the complexity of the tumor microenvironment ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.558248

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  • 3 weeks 4 days
    If this research is confirmed, this could have enormous clinical implications for initiating checkpoint inhibitors across a broad range of cancer patients
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Serum Levels of Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor Predict Tumor Response and Outcome to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

BackgroundImmune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have led to a paradigm shift in cancer therapy, improving outcomes in the treatment of various malignancies. However, not all patients benefit to the same extend ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.646883

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Multiparametric flow cytometry highlights B7-H3 as a novel diagnostic/therapeutic target in GD2neg/low neuroblastoma variants

Background High-risk neuroblastomas (HR-NBs) are rare, aggressive pediatric cancers characterized by resistance to therapy and relapse in more than 30% of cases, despite using an aggressive therapeutic protocol including targeting ..... see more

Source : https://jitc.bmj.com/content/9/4/e002293

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Characterization of Immune Infiltration and Construction of a Prediction Model for Overall Survival in Melanoma Patients

Reports indicate that the use of anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and death ligand-1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of patients diagnosed with melanoma has demonstrated promising efficacy. Nonetheless, this ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.639059

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TAM-ing the CIA-Tumor-Associated Macrophages and Their Potential Role in Unintended Side Effects of Therapeutics for Cancer-Induced Anemia

Cancer-induced anemia (CIA) is a common consequence of neoplasia and has a multifactorial pathophysiology. The immune response and tumor treatment, both intended to primarily target malignant cells, also affect erythropoiesis ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.627223

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Early plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) changes predict response to first-line pembrolizumab-based therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

Background Currently available biomarkers are imperfect in their ability to predict responses to the multiple first-line treatment options available for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Having an ..... see more

Source : https://jitc.bmj.com/content/9/3/e001504

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Differences in Tumor Immune Microenvironment in Metastatic Sites of Breast Cancer

Introduction: Tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) promotes immune escape, allowing for tumor progression and metastasis. In spite of the current evidence of the complicated role of immune cells in promoting or ..... see more

Source : https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.649004